Civil Engineering

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Civil Eng.

Civil engineering is the branch of engineering which deals with designing, planning, maintaining and executing structural works like roads, bridges, dams, canals, buildings, power plants, sewerage system, aqueducts and other infrastructures.


Scope of civil engineering

Scope of civil engineering is very huge in world wide in private companies as well as in government sectors for planning, designing, maintenance, estimating, supervising and constructing buildings, roads, sewerage systems, bridges and other infrastructures.


Work of civil engineer

Civil engineer prepares plans and designs, start construction, maintain project, prepare cost estimates, survey the land, supervise the work, maintain workers, maintain quality of work, maintain project cost and work according to codes, rules, standards and regulations.

All works of civil engineer are listed below.

  1. Creating plans and blueprints
  2. Prepare cost estimates of project
  3. Determining costs
  4. Plan, design, and then test the structures
  5. Assessing environmental impacts and determining risk factors that may impact the project
  6. Maintain the project until its complete
  7. Designing the project, choosing best material for the project, and then working on the project. 
  8. Collaboration and communication with other engineers, clients and professionals
  9. Maintain all worker’s safety and health at site
  10. Studying, evaluating, and investigating the land
  11. Understanding and accounting for health and safety, building and other engineering rules and regulations
  12. Remove hazardous structure
  13. Tendering the contracts and hiring contractors
  14. Performing technical and feasibility studies, surveys, using reports, plans, maps and related data
  15. Work according to standard codes, rules and regulations.
  16. Supervising and monitoring the construction of the infrastructure project.

Types of civil engineering

Civil engineering is a very broad branch, so it is divided into various sub-categories according to the types of works. So it is very important to understand all the types before entering into civil engineering.

All types are listed below.

Environmental engineering

Environmental engineering deals with water and air purification, wastewater management, waste disposal and recycling, air pollution, noise pollution, land pollution, environmental pollution, environmental impact and assessment and other purposes pertaining to human health and benefit.

Environmental engineering involves air purifications, water purifications, waste water purifications, treatment and distribution of drinking water, treatment and disposal of wastewater, cleanup of hazardous-waste sites, municipal solid waste management, control of air and noise pollution, environmental impact and assessment etc.

Civil and structural engineering

Civil and structural engineering deals with structural designs, rigidity of structures, strength and stability of structures, earthquake resistant structures, wind resistant structures and other environmental impact resistant structures.

For civil and structural engineering, knowledge of material science, solid mechanics, applied mechanics, applied physics and applied mathematics is very important.

Surveying in civil engineering

Surveying deal with plans, mapping, land survey, levelling of lands, topographic features, determining the relative position of different points related to others, determine the position of natural and man-made objects, GIS, Photogrammetry, Cadastral Surveying, geology, Digital Mapping, land boundaries, Cartography, remote sensing etc.

For surveying purpose various instruments are used like Theodolite, dumpy level, total station, chain and tape, Plane table, levelling, tacheometry, optical square, Prismatic compass, Alidade, Ranging rod etc.

Geotechnical engineering

Geotechnical engineering deals with study and behaviour of soil before construction and design of foundations, dams, retaining walls, study of geology, design of embankments, channels, bunds and tunnels etc.

Geotechnical engineers use their knowledge to determine properties and behaviour of soils and design foundation, dams, canals, embankments, bunds and tunnels according to properties of soil.

Civil and construction engineering

Civil and construction engineering deals with planning, creating, designing, estimating, maintaining, managing, supervising and constructing airports, highways, buildings, dams, bridges, canals and other infrastructures.

Civil and construction engineering mainly deal with large-scale construction projects like large buildings, large infrastructure project, dams, roads, bridges etc.

Public health engineering

Public health engineering deals with Water Supply Schemes, sanitation schemes, sewerage systems, removal and disposal of human waste, supply of safe potable water, manage solid waste and safeguard people from diseases and illnesses.

Transportation engineering

Transportation engineering deals with planning, designing, construction and management of public transport systems like road transport, rail transport, air transport, water transport etc.

Estimating and costing in civil engineering

Estimating and costing in civil engineering deals with predicting the cost of project before and after construction by various methods like detail estimate, approximate estimates, valuation after completion of projects etc.

Water resources engineering

Water resources engineering deals with Water Supply Schemes, sewerage systems, sanitation schemes, supply of safe potable water and safeguard people from diseases and illnesses by providing safe potable water.

Forensic engineering

Forensic engineering deals with analysis of structural and mechanical engineering failures, investigation of damaged or deteriorated structure, determine why it happened, repair and recovery of failures etc.


Civil engineering salary

The average salary of civil engineers in India is ₹38,000 per month and ₹450,000 annually per employee. Its also depends on posts and types of works. But, generally its ranges from ₹25,000-₹60,000 per month per employee and ₹300,000-₹750,000 annually.

The highest paid civil engineers posts are engineering manager, assistant engineer, material engineer, city engineer, senior civil engineer, geotechnical engineer, Director of engineering, Civil supervisor, Engineering project manager and structural engineers.


Civil engineering jobs

Civil engineers have various job opportunities in various fields. Civil engineers can work as a different-different posts in different categories in private companies as well as in public sector. Some of jobs are listed below.

  1. Structural Engineer
  2. Site Engineers
  3. Architectural Engineer
  4. Environmental Engineer
  5. Assistant Engineer
  6. City Engineer
  7. Surveyors
  8. Civil Engineer
  9. Construction Engineers
  10. Nuclear Engineer
  11. Civil Engineering Technicians
  12. Senior Engineer
  13. Division Leader and Head
  14. Geotechnical Engineers
  15. Project Engineer
  16. CAD Technician
  17. Architects
  18. Chief Engineer
  19. Deputy Engineer

Civil engineering government jobs

If you want to work for government sectors after civil engineer degree, you have various job opportunities like, Junior Engineer, Assistant Engineer, Deputy Engineer, Executive Engineer, Additional Assistant Engineer, City Engineer, Town Planner etc. For that you have to Pass the government exams which is conducted by state board or central board.

Civil engineering private job

If you want to make your career in private sectors after civil engineer degree, you have so many private jobs like Structural Engineer, Senior Engineer, Site Engineer, Junior Engineer, Construction Engineers, Surveyor, Project Engineer, Trainee Engineer etc.

Site engineer jobs

There are various site engineer jobs as a civil engineer like Geotechnical Engineer, Construction Engineer, Junior site supervisor, senior site supervisor, Surveyor, project manager, Soil engineer etc.

Diploma civil engineering jobs

After a diploma in civil engineering, You have various job opportunities like- Civil Engineer, Environment Engineer, Urban Planning Engineer, Junior Engineer, Surveyor, CAD Technician, Geotechnical Engineer, Construction Engineer, Civil Engineering Drafter, Structural Engineer, Civil Engineering Technologist, Site Engineer, etc.

Civil engineering jobs for freshers

Freshers civil engineers can start their career as a Site Engineer, Trainee Engineer, Junior Engineer, Surveyor, Draftman, CAD Technician, Assistant Engineer etc. They have various job opportunities in the field of civil works.

Online jobs for civil engineers from home

There are so many online jobs that civil engineers can do from home and make money online like,

  1. Interior designing
  2. Autocad planning and Designing
  3. Civil engineer blogs
  4. Online classes
  5. Civil start-up

Civil engineering subjects

For becoming a successful civil engineer you should have knowledge of all the subjects of civil engineering. Civil engineering is very broad branch, so there are so many subjects to study. For particular engineering, you should have deepest knowledge in that particular subject.

List of all subjects are given below.

  1. Structural engineering
  2. Environmental engineering
  3. Engineering drawing
  4. Surveying
  5. Geotechnical engineering
  6. Transportation engineering
  7. Construction engineering
  8. Fluid mechanics
  9. Hydraulic engineering
  10. Applied mechanics
  11. Materials Engineering
  12. Strength of materials
  13. Traffic engineering
  14. Engineering physics
  15. Engineering geology
  16. Water resources Engineering
  17. Construction management
  18. Foundation
  19. Soil mechanics
  20. Building material
  21. Solid mechanics
  22. Engineering mathematics
  23. Earthquake engineering

Companies for civil engineering

Civil engineers can start their career in both private companies and public sectors. For that you have to study about top civil companies in India before starting your career. For your information we have prepared a list of top companies in India.

  1. AECOM
  2. Tata Projects
  3. Punj Lloyd
  4. Stantec
  5. Essar Group
  6. Mott MacDonald
  7. Simplex
  8. Balfour Beatty
  9. TRC
  10. Nagarjuna Construction
  11. Sadbhav Engineering Limited
  12. Sobha
  13. Hindustan Construction Company
  14. L&T
  15. Afcons Infrastructure Limited
  16. Jaypee Group
  17. Bechtel
  18. Larsen & Toubro
  19. Arup
  20. Reliance Infrastructure Limited
  21. IVRCL LIMITED
  22. Skanska
  23. Gammon India Limited
  24. Vinci

Civil engineering courses

Civil Engineering is a very big branch and there are variety of courses available in which you want to start your career, like ITI draftsman, polytechnic course, Btech, Mtech, master courses etc.

All courses are listed below.

1. ITI draftsman civil

ITI draftsman civil is a short term course of 2-years in which you will learn basic engineering drawings, engineering sketches and plans. It consists 4 semesters in 2 years period. After that you will get ITI draftsman certificate.

2. AutoCAD civil engineering

AutoCAD is a computer-aided design (CAD) software which is developed by the Autodesk company. It is a commercial 2D and 3D drafting software which is used for several purposes like planning, designing, mapping etc. which is used by graphic designers, city planners, architects.

Now a days AutoCAD become a most popular course worldwide. To become a professional civil engineer, it is a very important to learn this program.

3. Civil engineering in polytechnic

Civil engineering in polytechnic is a 3 years certificate course which consists 6 semesters in which you will learn all basics of civil engineers. This course is also known as Diploma Course.

4. Btech in civil engineering

Btech in civil engineering is a 4 years Degree course which consists 8 semesters in which you will learn all about civil engineers. If you are choosing Btech course after Diploma course then it is of 3 years and 6 semesters.

5. Mtech civil engineering

Mtech civil engineering is a 2 years Master Degree course which consists 4 semesters in which you will learn all about one particular subject in deeply in which subject you want to become expert.

6. Msc masters of science in civil engineering

Msc masters of science in civil engineering is a 2 years Master Degree course which consists 4 semesters which provides advanced study and research on particular subjects like Construction Management, Environmental and Water Resources, Energy Resources Systems, Transportation, Regional Development, Structures, Geotechnical etc.

7. Masters in civil engineering

After degree course, there are variety of choice in Masters in civil engineering course like Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering, Geo-informatics, Structural Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Infrastructure Engineering and Management, Transportation Engineering etc.


Institution of civil engineers

If you want to become civil engineers, you have various choice of Institutions, either government or a private institute. You can chose from where you want to complete your degree.

Here we have listed List of Best Civil engineering Colleges in India.

  1. Indian Institute of Technology
  2. Aryabhatta Institute of Engineering & Management
  3. Vellore Institute of Technology
  4. Delhi Technological University
  5. National Institute of Technology
  6. Anna University
  7. Birla Institute Of Technology And Science
  8. Coimbatore Institute of Technology
  9. Aryabhatta Knowledge University
  10. And Many more…..

Civil engineering computer programs

Before starting your career in civil, you should have basic knowledge of civil engineering computer programs. It is not required to learn all computer programs, but learn specific software for specific works in which field you are going to start your career.

List of all computer programs are given below.

  1. AutoCAD
  2. Autodesk Revit
  3. MicroStation
  4. Primavera
  5. HEC-HMS
  6. SketchUp
  7. HydroCAD
  8. Bentley Systems
  9. AllyCAD
  10. Abaqus
  11. EPANET
  12. StormCAD
  13. AutoCAD Civil 3D
  14. HEC-RAS
  15. SAP2000
  16. Microsoft Project
  17. Autodesk
  18. ArcGIS
  19. AutoTURN
  20. Microsoft Excel
  21. WaterCAD
  22. Plaxis
  23. STAAD Pro
  24. Civil 3D

Civil engineering Structures

There are several types of famous civil engineering structures in the world, including buildings, dams, bridges, tunnels, towers and many more. All civil engineers and workers put their complete efforts to make them unique and most famous structure in the world.

Here we have listed most famous Civil engineering structures in the world.

  1. Statue of Unity
  2. Golden Gate Bridge
  3. Channel Tunnel
  4. Lake Pontchartrain Causeway
  5. Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge
  6. Jiaozhou Bay Bridge
  7. Hoover Dam
  8. Brooklyn Bridge
  9. Colosseum
  10. PRESA DE ITAIPU
  11. Aqueduct of Segovia
  12. Bailong Elevator
  13. Aqueduct of Segovia
  14. Eiffel Tower
  15. Kingdom Tower
  16. Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge
  17. Hangzhou Bay Bridge
  18. Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge
  19. Jiaozhou Bay Bridge
  20. Capital Gate
  21. Viaduc de Millau
  22. Washington Monument
  23. Sydney Opera House
  24. Three Gorges Dam

FAQs :

What is civil engineering ?

Civil engineering is the branch of engineering which deals with designing, maintaining, planning and executing structural works like roads, buildings, power plants, bridges, dams, canals, aqueducts, sewerage system and other infrastructures.

Civil engineer income ?

The average income of civil engineers per employee in India is ₹35,000 per month and ₹470,000 annually. Its also depends on civil engineers position and types of works. But, generally its ranges from ₹27,000-₹65,000 per month and ₹350,000-₹800,000 annually per employee.

What is surveying in civil engineering ?

Surveying deal with plans, mapping, determine the position of natural and man-made objects, land survey, Cadastral Surveying, geology, topographic features, determining the relative position of different points related to others, GIS, land boundaries, Cartography, Photogrammetry, Digital Mapping, levelling of lands, remote sensing etc.

What do civil engineers do ?

Civil engineer prepares plans and designs, survey the land, start construction, maintain quality of work, maintain project, maintain project cost, prepare cost estimates, supervise the work, maintain workers and work according to codes, standards, rules and regulations.

Civil engineer how many years ?

Civil engineering ITI course is a 2 year program, Diploma course is a 3 years program, Degree course is a 4 years program and Master course is a 2 years program. If you are choosing Degree course after Diploma course then it is of 3 years. If you are choosing Diploma course after ITI course then it is of 2 years.

Environmental engineer salaries ?

The average salaries of Environmental engineers in India is per month ₹43,000 and annually ₹550,000. Generally its ranges from ₹38,000-₹78,000 per month and annually ₹450,000-₹850,000. Its depends on types of work and also position of environmental engineers.

Salary of civil engineer per month ?

The average salary of civil engineers in India is per month ₹40,000 and ₹500,000 annually per employee. Its varies from post to post and also depends on types of works. But, generally its ranges from ₹30,000-₹80,000 per month and ₹400,000-₹750,000 annually.

How to become a civil engineer after 12th ?

After completing your 12th science with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics, you can choose Degree course of Civil Engineering which is of 4 years program which consists 8 semesters. In this program you will get complete knowledge of all the subject of civil engineers.

Civil engineering work from home jobs ?

If you have civil engineer degree and you want to work from home, then you have various of jobs like Autocad planning, online classes, civil engineer blogs, interior designing and you can also start your civil start-up from home and you can make more money from home.

Job opportunities for diploma in civil engineering ?

After a diploma in civil engineering, students have various job opportunities like- Civil Engineer, Geotechnical Engineer, Civil Engineering Technologist, Project Engineer, Construction Engineer, Draftman, Assistant Engineer, Civil Engineering Drafter, CAD Technician, Structural Engineer, Site Engineer, Environment Engineer, Urban Planning Engineer, etc.


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